With 354 800 inhabitants, Martinique, an overseas department of France, has a multiethnic population. This diversity stems from the cultural mixing of the island’s successive inhabitants: Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, Indians and Asians.

The official language is French, although everyone speaks Creole, a language that is a blend of French, English, and African languages, as well as surviving Amerindian terms. English is spoken in tourist areas.